Electroencephalography (EEG) is the recording of electrical activity along the scalp. The brain's electrical activity, which is measured with the EEG, is maintained by billions of neurons.
The EEG cannot pick up the electrical potential generated by a single neuron for it is far too small. Voltages measured by the EEG therefore always reflect the synchronous activity of thousands of neurons. The EEG is mostly produced by cortical neurons, because activity from deeper sources is more difficult to detect than currents near the skull. Most of the cerebral signal observed in the scalp EEG falls in the range of 1-20 Hz and have an amplitude in the range of 5-200 µV. However, meaningful activity up to several hundreds of Hz has also been reported.
An EEG can be performed by applying different electrodes on the scalp of the subject. In most clinical applications, 19 electrodes may be sufficient, but also set-ups up to 256 electrodes are used. Therefore so called EEG headcaps are often applied in which the electrodes are already integrated in a standard configuration. Most often the electrode configuration is according to the International 10-20 system, an internationally recognized method to describe and apply the location of scalp electrodes in the context of an EEG test or experiment.
Measurement of EEG is often performed in the fields of Psychology and Neurology, but also in BCI (Brain Computer Interfacing), Neurofeedback or Neuro-Marketing.
Measuring with DBS-electrodes
BCI (Brain-Computer Interface)
ERP (Event-Related Potentials)
M. Gratgowski, L. Storzer, M. Butz, A. Schnitzler et al. (2017)
AExperimental Setup for the combined measurement of cortical and subcortical activity in Parkinson's Disease patients during cycling.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10 (January 2017)
S. Darvishi, D. Abbott & M. Baumert (2017)
Proprioceptive feedback facilitates motor imagery-related operant learning of sensorimotor beta-band modulation.
Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11 (February 2017)
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